The Country

Republic of Kazakhstan

 

Area: 2,724,900 km2
Population: 18,448,600
Official languages: Kazakh, Russian (co-official)
Capital: Nur-Sultan (ex. Astana)
Currency: Kazakh currency is tenge (KZT)
Time zone: UTC+5 / +6 (West / East)
Driving side: right

 


Climate

Kazakhstan has an "extreme" continental climate, with warm summers and very cold winters. Indeed, Nursultan is the second coldest capital city in the world after UlaanbaatarPrecipitation varies between arid and semi-arid conditions, the winter being particularly dry.
The climate of Kazakhstan (excluding south) is sharply continental with average temperature between -4 °C and -19 °C in January and between +19…+26°C in July. In winter temperature may decrease down to -45°C, and in summer rise up to +36.
One can experience all four seasons on the territory of Kazakhstan with frosty winter, blossoming spring, heating summer and scarlet autumn. Cold winter starts in November and lasts till the end of April. The influence of Arctic air masses leads to a strong cold (up to -50 С°). Springs are short and changeable – from mid of April to end May. Besides spring weather is very unstable: clear warm day may suddenly turn into cold. Dry hot summer begins in the end of May and lasts till mid September, with temperatures sometimes going up to +35...+40 С°. Autumn with its stable weather and night frosts begin in the end of September and lasts till the beginning of November.
The highest temperature in Kazakhstan was registered in the city of Turkestan (South Kazakhstan) with +49 С°. The lowest was observed in the city of Atbasar (Akmola region) -57 С°. Besides, Astana is the coldest city in the world after Ulan-Bator however it is not an obstacle for the capital city to warm guests with its warm hospitality.

Cities

Nur-Sultan

City

In March 2019, the capital of Kazakhstan was renamed from Astana to Nur-Sultan. So do not be terrified if you have previously found information about Astana, and now you see another name.
Nur-Sultan is located in the heart of Kazakhstan. According to official data, the population of the city is 1,078,362 people.
In the capital, you can find various particles from around the world. Everyone here will find her/his place where s/he will be warmly welcomed.

There are several ways to get to Nur-Sultan.:
By plane
The international airport is 18 km from the city and 15 km from the university.
From the airport to the city can be reached by taxi, which can always be found by leaving the Terminal or order by phone / online, as well as city buses, which also stop near the Terminal.
By train
Citizens of the neighboring republics can also get to Nur-Sultan by train. Link to the site of the railway company
https://epay.railways.kz/ktz4/proc?pa=clients
By autobus
Another opportunity to get to the Nur-Sultana is the bus. However, travel time may take more than 24 hours.  https://rasp.yandex.kz 
By car
Citizens of the neighboring republics can freely cross the border by car.

 

Almaty

City

Almaty is no longer the capital of Kazakhstan, but it remains its largest, most happening and most enjoyable city. Despite increasing traffic and smog, the city center is still a pleasant place to be. Almaty has something for everyone. For the flaneur: museums, parks, leafy lanes and historical architecture. For the hedonist: shopping, terrace culture and dance-til-dawn nightlife. For outdoor enthusiasts, easy access to mountains, lakes and deserts.
There are several ways to get to Almaty:
By plane
Almaty International Airport is located only 13 km from the city center, so it will not be difficult to get there. The distance from airport to Narxoz University is 29.3 km.
From the airport to the city can be reached by taxi, which can always be found by leaving the Terminal or order by phone / online. For anyone who is in not too much in a hurry and doesn’t have a lot of luggage, public transport can be an option. There are several regular bus routes from different parts of the city
By train
Citizens of the neighboring republics can also get to Almaty by train. Link to the site of the railway company
https://epay.railways.kz/ktz4/proc?pa=clients
By autobus
Another opportunity to get to Almaty is the bus. However, travel time may take more than 24 hours.  https://rasp.yandex.kz 
By car
Citizens of the neighboring republics can freely cross the border by car.

 

Karaganda

City

Gde? Gde? V Karagande!

The old Soviet expression making fun of Karaganda’s middle-of-nowhere location does not do justice to this town of culture, sports and forward-thinking people.

By train
trains run daily connecting to other major cities like Nur-Sultan (3 hours), Shymkent and Almaty.
https://caravanistan.com/transport/train/kazakhstan/

By bus
bus and shared taxi have a wider range of destinations, including Dolinka, Karkaralinsk and Temirtau.
https://caravanistan.com/transport/bus-shared-taxi/kazakhstan/


Karaganda’s bus station and train station are well organized, as you would expect from descendants from Germans.

They are located next to each other, with long-haul shared taxis in the front shouting out their destinations.

Getting around is easy enough with public transport, almost all buses pass by the main drag Bukhar Zhirau.


Taxis are moderately priced. Karaganda is a small city and easy to explore on foot or by bicycle.

 

Interesting facts about Kazakhstan

 Holidays in the Republic of Kazakhstan:
National holiday: Independence Day–16- 17 December.
Public holidays:
• New Year - 1-2 January;
• International Women’s Day – 8 March;
• Nauryz Meyramy – 21-23 March;
• Kazakhstan Peoples’ Unity Day– 1 May
• Fatherland Defender’s Day – 7 May;
• Victory Day– 9 May;
• Capital City Day – 6 July;
• Constitution Day of the Republic of Kazakhstan – 30 August;
• Day of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan – 1 December.
• The first day of Kurban-ayt, observed by Muslim calendar and 7 January – orthodox Christmas are also non-working days.